Saturday, November 27, 2010

The History Of The Advent Wreath

The Advent wreath is part of our long-standing Catholic tradition. However, the actual origins are uncertain. There is evidence of pre-Christian Germanic peoples using wreathes with lit candles during the cold and dark December days as a sign of hope in the future warm and extended-sunlight days of Spring. In Scandinavia during winter, lighted candles were placed around a wheel, and prayers were offered to the god of light to turn “the wheel of the earth” back toward the sun to lengthen the days and restore warmth.
By the Middle Ages, the Christians adapted this tradition and used Advent wreathes as part of their spiritual preparation for Christmas. After all, Christ is “the Light that came into the world” to dispel the darkness of sin and to radiate the truth and love of God (cf. John 3:19-21). By 1600, both Catholics and Lutherans had more formal practices surrounding the Advent wreath.
The symbolism of the Advent wreath is beautiful. The wreath is made of various evergreens, signifying continuous life. Even these evergreens have a traditional meaning which can be adapted to our faith: The laurel signifies victory over persecution and suffering; pine, holly, and yew, immortality; and cedar, strength and healing. Holly also has a special Christian symbolism:
The prickly leaves remind us of the crown of thorns, and one English legend tells of how the cross was made of holly.
The circle of the wreath, which has no beginning or end, symbolizes the eternity of God, the immortality of the soul, and the everlasting life found in Christ. Any pine cones, nuts, or seedpods used to decorate the wreath also symbolize life and resurrection.
All together, the wreath of evergreens depicts the immortality of our soul and the new, everlasting life promised to us through Christ, the eternal Word of the Father, who entered our world becoming true man and who was victorious over sin and death through His own passion, death, and resurrection.
The four candles represent the four weeks of Advent. A tradition is that each week represents one thousand years, to sum to the 4,000 years from Adam and Eve until the Birth of the Savior. Three candles are purple and one is rose.
The purple candles in particular symbolize the prayer, penance, and preparatory sacrifices and goods works undertaken at this time.
The rose candle is lit on the third Sunday, Gaudete Sunday, when the priest also wears rose vestments at Mass; Gaudete Sunday is the Sunday of rejoicing, because the faithful have arrived at the midpoint of Advent, when their preparation is now half over and they are close to Christmas.
The progressive lighting of the candles symbolizes the expectation and hope surrounding our Lord’s first coming into the world and the anticipation of His second coming to judge the living and the dead.
The light signifies Christ, the Light of the world. Some modern day adoptions include a white candle placed in the middle of the wreath, which represents Christ and is lit on Christmas Eve. Another tradition is to replace the three purple and one rose candles with four white candles, which will be lit throughout Christmas season.
In family practice, the Advent wreath is most appropriately lit at dinner time after the blessing of the food. A traditional prayer service using the Advent wreath proceeds as follows:

First Sunday of Advent
O God, by whose Word all things are sanctified,
pour forth Your blessing upon this wreath,
grant that we who use it may prepare
our hearts for the coming of Christ
and receive Your abundant graces.
We ask this in the Name of Jesus our Lord,
Who lives and reigns forever. Amen.

Continue for each of the days of Advent:
O Lord, stir up Your might,
we beg You, and come,
that by Your protection we may deserve to be rescued
from the threatening dangers of our sins
and be saved by Your deliverance.
We ask this in the Name of Jesus our Lord,
Who lives and reigns forever. Amen.
The youngest child then lights one purple candle.

Second Week Of Advent
O Lord, stir up our hearts
prepare us for Your only begotten Son,
that through His coming we may be
made worthy to serve You with pure hearts.
We ask this in the Name of Jesus our Lord,
Who lives and reigns forever. Amen.
The oldest child then lights the purple candle.

Third Week Of Advent
O Lord, we beg You,
incline Your ear to our prayers
and enlighten the darkness of our minds
by the grace of Your visitation.
We ask this in the Name of Jesus our Lord,
Who lives and reigns forever. Amen.
The mother then lights the rose candle.

Fourth Week Of Advent
O Lord, stir up Your power, we pray You, and come.
With Your great might help us.
May Your merciful forgiveness hasten
to forgive our sins.
We ask this in the Name of Jesus our Lord,
Who lives and reigns forever. Amen.
The father then lights all of the candles of the wreath.

By Fr. William Saunders

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